Dust Mites and Allergens

One of the keys to controlling asthma and allergies is to maintain a clean environment.  There is no more effective way to clean carpets, rugs, upholstery, and mattresses than a professional deep cleaning service.

What is a dust mite?

The house dust mite is a cosmopolitan guest in human habitation. They are considered to be one of the most common causes of asthma worldwide.

 Dust Mite

Both male and female adult house dust mites are globular in shape, creamy white and have a striated cuticle. The female measures approximately 420 micrometres in length and 320 micrometres in width. The male is approximately 420 micrometres long and 245 micrometres wide. A member of the phylum Arthropoda, post-larval stages of house dust mites have eight legs; larval stages have six legs.

What is the average life cycle of the dust mite?

The average life cycle for a male house dust mite is approximately 19-30 days while a mated female house dust mite can live for up to two months, laying eggs for the last 30 days of her life.

Where do dust mites live?

The dust mite thrives in the modern environment of fully-carpeted, double-glazed, draft-proof homes, and is comfortable at 25 degrees Celsius. Temperatures of over 60 degrees Celsius for a period of one hour are fatal to dust mites; freezing is also fatal. The mites are particularly common in mattresses, carpets and bedding.

How do dust mites cause asthma?

The house dust mite is one of the most significant source of allergens, implicated in allergic asthma, rhinitis, conjunctivitis and dermatitis. One of the more important proteins responsible for the allergic reaction is DerP1, a protease digestive enzyme found in mite feces.
Measures to control house dust mites:

  • Vacuum Carpets, Rugs and Mattresses regularly
  • Regular damp dusting of surfaces
  • Regular Professional Carpet Cleaning

Can you kill dust mites?

You can kill dust mites but it is almost impossible to kill ALL dust mites. Though these methods can help to reduce the level of house dust mites, attempts to kill dust mites in the home completely have yet to be successful.